HTML is the language that makes the Web go round. Not only is it a fundamental skill needed for any web developer, it’s also a lot of fun to play around with.
By learning HTML, you can create your own websites, control how they look and behave, and even add your own interactive elements. So, how do you get started?
There are 5 steps involved in learning HTML all by yourself – understand the basic components of HTML, read through HTML reference guides, watch coding videos and tutorials, get yourself a good text editor, and practice by coding your own web pages. With these 5 steps, you’ll be on your way to becoming an HTML expert in no time.
In this guide, we’ll go into detail about each step so that you can start learning HTML today.
We’ll also provide some resources that will help you along the way. Without further ado, let’s get started on your coding journey!
5 Steps to Self-Learning HTML
As we’ve already mentioned, there are five steps involved in learning HTML. Let’s take a look at each step in detail.
Step One: Understand the Basic Components of HTML
HTML is a language, and like any language, it’s made up of a few different components.
In order to understand how HTML works, you need to first understand the building blocks that make it tick.
The good news is, there aren’t that many rules to learn!
In fact, the entire language can be broken down into three basic components – tags, elements, and attributes. Here’s what they mean.
|Tags are used to indicate the beginning and end of an HTML element.||An HTML element defines the content on a web page. All the text, images, and other content on a page are contained within HTML elements.||Attributes are special words used to provide additional information about an element. They modify and control the element’s behavior.|
|Most tags come in a pair – an opening tag and a closing tag. Opening tags are enclosed by ‘<>’, while closing tags are enclosed by ‘</>’.||Anything written between the HTML tags on a page is an element.||Attributes are always found in the opening tag (or start tag) and usually consist of name/value pairs in the format name=”value”.|
|E.g. Heading Tag (<h1>)||E.g.”<p> This is an HTML paragraph </p>”. This is a paragraph element.||E.g. The ‘href’ attribute specifies the URL to which a link will redirect to.|
Once you have a strong understanding of these three components, you can move on to step two!
Step Two: Read Through HTML Reference Guides
The next step in learning HTML is to familiarize yourself with the language. One way to do this is by reading through HTML reference guides.
An HTML reference guide is a document that contains all of the elements and attributes that make up the language. It’s basically a list of everything you can do with HTML, and it’s a great resource to have on hand when you’re coding.
Think of it like a dictionary – it’s there to help you when you need it, but you don’t need to memorize everything in it. Take a look at some of these reference guides when you get a chance.
Step Three: Watch Coding Videos and Tutorials
Once you have a basic understanding of HTML, it’s time to hear it from the experts.
Coding videos and tutorials are a great way to learn more about the language, see it in action, and understand how it’s used in the real world.
When watching tutorials, it’s important to find ones that are made for beginners. You don’t want to get overwhelmed with too much information, so make sure you start slow.
Once you’ve mastered the basics, you can move on to more advanced tutorials.
Here are some great places to find beginner-friendly HTML tutorials:
Start with one of these tutorials, and then move on to step four.
Step Four: Get Yourself a Good Text Editor
By now, you must have all the theory you need to start coding in HTML. The only thing left is to actually get started! In order to write HTML code, you need a text editor.
A text editor is a type of program that allows you to write and edit plain text.
You can write your HTML code in a text editor, and then save it as an HTML file.
When you open that file in a web browser, the browser will read your code and display the results on the screen.
There are a lot of different text editors out there, and it’s important to choose one that’s right for you. Here are our recommendations:
- Atom: Atom is a free and open-source text editor that’s available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. It’s a great choice for beginners because it has a lot of helpful features, such as syntax highlighting and autocomplete.
- Notepad++: Notepad++ is another free and open-source text editor that’s available for Windows only. It doesn’t have as many features as Atom, but it’s still a great choice for those just starting out.
- Sublime Text: Sublime Text is a paid text editor that’s available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. It’s one of the most popular text editors among developers because it’s super fast and has a lot of powerful features.
Once you’ve chosen a text editor, it’s time to move on to step five!
Step Five: Start Coding!
Now it’s time to start writing some code! Remember, the best way to learn is by doing. So open up your text editor and get started.
Try to incorporate all the different HTML elements we’ve learned about into your code, even if you’re not quite sure what they do.
Remember, the goal is not to create something perfect – the goal is to learn! So don’t worry if your code is a little messy.
If at any point you find yourself feeling stuck, take a look at some of the resources from step three. They should be able to help you out.
Once you’re done, save your file as an HTML file and open it up in a web browser. You should see all of your hard work on the screen!
Keep experimenting with more and more complex code, and pretty soon you’ll go from a beginner to an HTML expert.
-> Read Also What Is An Autodidact?
How Difficult Is It to Learn HTML by Yourself?
Learning anything new can be difficult at first, but it gets easier the more you do it. The same is true for HTML as well.
When you first start out, it might seem a little daunting. But if you break it down into small, manageable steps, you’ll be surprised at how quickly you can learn.
There are 4 factors that decide how easy or difficult your HTML journey will be:
Prior Coding Knowledge:
If you have no prior experience with coding, then HTML will definitely be more difficult for you. However, if you have some experience with other programming languages, then HTML will be a lot easier.
Don’t be discouraged if you don’t have any prior experience – everyone has to start somewhere! And for most people, that starting point is HTML.
Time Spent on Practice:
The more time you spend practicing, the better you’ll get. It’s as simple as that.
If you can only dedicate an hour or two a week to learning HTML, then it will take you longer to master than someone who can dedicate ten hours a week.
However, even if you can only spare a few hours a week, you’ll still make progress as long as you’re consistent.
Quality of Resources:
This is a big one. If you’re using poor quality resources, then your HTML journey will be much more difficult.
Since HTML is such a popular language, there are a ton of resources out there. Unfortunately, not all of them are created equal.
Make sure you’re using resources from reputable sources, such as W3Schools or the Mozilla Developer Network. These sites have a lot of high-quality, up-to-date information that will help you learn HTML quickly and easily, with less frustration.
Your motivation levels will have a big impact on how difficult you find HTML. If you’re not motivated, then it will be tough to stay consistent with your practice.
Some people try to learn HTML just because they think it’s something they should do, and these people usually give up pretty quickly.
But if you’re not passionate about it, then it will be very difficult to stick with it. On the other hand, if you’re genuinely interested in learning HTML and web development, then you’ll find the journey a lot easier.
So ask yourself – why do you want to learn HTML? If your answer is anything other than “I’m passionate about web development”, then you might want to reconsider your motivation.
How Long Does It Take to Learn HTML?
The amount of time it takes to learn HTML by yourself depends largely on your prior experience with coding. If you’ve never written a line of code before, it’s going to take you longer to learn HTML than it would someone who’s already familiar with basic coding concepts.
However, compared to other programming languages, HTML is pretty straightforward. Most beginners can grasp the basics of HTML after just a few hours of coding. And within 4-6 weeks, you should be able to write HTML code that’s pretty complex.
Of course, the more time you spend coding, the better you’ll become at it. So if you want to learn HTML as quickly as possible, make sure to dedicate at least 2-4 hours every day to coding.
-> Learn More about Self-Learning vs. Classroom Learning: Which Is Better?
Tips to Make HTML Self Learning Easier
There are a few things you can do to make your HTML learning journey easier:
- Find A Coding Partner: It’s always helpful to have someone else to practice with. Find a friend or family member who’s also interested in learning HTML, and code together! You can help each other out when you get stuck, and keep each other motivated.
- Use an Interactive Online Code Editor: A great way to practice HTML is by using an interactive online code editor. This way, you can see your code changes in real-time, and get instant feedback. Not to mention, it’s a lot more fun than coding in a text editor!
- Join an Online Community: There are tons of online communities dedicated to helping people learn HTML. These can be a great resource when you’re stuck, or just need some motivation. Plus, it’s always nice to have friends who are on the same journey as you.
- Use A Cheat Sheet: When you’re just starting out, it’s normal to forget the syntax for certain HTML tags. To make your life easier, keep a cheat sheet handy so you can reference it when you need to. This will save you a lot of time and effort in the long run.
- Make Google Your Friend: Google is your best friend when you’re learning HTML. For any possible question you have, there’s an answer out there waiting for you. So don’t be afraid to ask away!
- Give Yourself Enough Breaks: Trying to learn HTML can be frustrating, especially if you’re not making much progress. It’s important to give yourself breaks every now and then, or you’ll risk burning out. Go for a walk, watch a movie, or just take a nap. You’ll come back to coding refreshed and ready to tackle the next challenge.
- Attempt HTML Beginner Projects: Once you’ve learned the basics of HTML, put your skills to the test by attempting some beginner projects. Some of the most popular beginner HTML projects include making a tribute website, preparing a survey form, or even creating your own personalized portfolio page!
What’s the Difference Between HTML And CSS?
When you first start learning HTML, you’ll come across a lot of terms that you might not be familiar with. One such term is ‘CSS’, and you’ll often see it mentioned alongside HTML.
Here’s a quick overview of each:
- HTML: Stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it’s the code that helps structure a web page. It defines the content of a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, and images.
- CSS: Stands for Cascading Style Sheets, and it’s responsible for the visual appearance of a website. CSS is what makes a website look good – it determines the layout, colors, fonts, and other style details.
In short, HTML is responsible for the content of a web page, while CSS is responsible for the appearance of that content.
As you can see, both of these go hand in hand to create a complete web page. So if you’re learning HTML, we would also recommend learning CSS at the same time.
What to Do After Learning HTML?
After reading through this guide and putting everything we’ve talked about into practice, you should have a good understanding of HTML. So, what next?
But that’s a story for another day. For now, focus on learning HTML and CSS, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming a web development pro!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Here are some of the most commonly asked questions regarding HTML.
Q.1. What is the scope of HTML as a career option?
A. HTML has a lot of potential as a career option because it is the foundation of web development. With a strong understanding of HTML, you will be able to build websites from scratch and create beautiful, responsive designs that look great on any device.
Plus, there is always a demand for web developers who know how to code in HTML!
Q.2. Who invented HTML?
A. HTML was created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1993. He is also credited with inventing the World Wide Web!
Q.3. Is HTML the easiest programming language to learn?
A. Technically, HTML is a markup language and not a programming language. However, it is still one of the easiest languages to learn while coding. This is because it uses simple tags to define the structure of a web page.
Plus, there is no need to compile or run HTML code – you can simply open up a text editor and start coding!
-> Learn more about the 7 best websites for self-learning
In an age of digitalization, learning HTML has become more important than ever before. Many of the things we take for granted – such as browsing the internet, sending emails, and even watching videos – would not be possible without HTML.
By taking the first step and learning HTML, you will be opening up a whole world of possibilities. Not only will you be able to create your own websites, but you’ll also have a strong foundation for learning more complex programming languages.
So what are you waiting for? Start learning HTML today!